Saturday, February 4, 2017

The Alberta BCA & The Code of Hammurabi? WTF?

It's so great to have legislation online.
Image result for code of hammurabi pdf
Reminds me of a Philosophy Lecture at Dalhousie on The Code of Hammurabi and the importance of communicating the Law publicly and making it available.
Image result for code of hammurabi pdf
Hammurabi´s Code was used as a means to unify all the groups of the ancient Babylonian empire. The code was discovered in the city of Susa in what is now Iran in 1907 written on a 7-foot tall column of black diorite by French archaeologists.  
Hammurabi´s Code is a collection of 300 laws most famously paraphrased by the expression, "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth." Most of the laws relate to property rights of landowners, merchants, builders and slave masters. While some of the laws were brutal, the death penalty is mentioned at least 30 times, others were enlightened; punishments were at time more severe for those of the higher class than those of the lower.  

From Wikipedia:
The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia, dating back to about 1754 BC (Middle Chronology). It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted the code, and partial copies exist on a seven and a half foot stone stele and various clay tablets. The code consists of 282 laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis)[1] as graded depending on social status, of slave versus free man.[2] Nearly one-half of the code deals with matters of contract, establishing, for example, the wages to be paid to an ox driver or a surgeon. Other provisions set the terms of a transaction, establishing the liability of a builder for a house that collapses, for example, or property that is damaged while left in the care of another. A third of the code addresses issues concerning household and family relationships such as inheritance, divorce, paternity, and sexual behavior. Only one provision appears to impose obligations on an official; this provision establishes that a judge who reaches an incorrect decision is to be fined and removed from the bench permanently.[3] A few provisions address issues related to military service.
The code was discovered by modern archaeologists in 1901, and its editio princeps translation published in 1902 by Jean-Vincent Scheil. This nearly complete example of the code is carved into a basalt stele in the shape of a huge index finger,[4] 2.25 m (7.4 ft) tall. The code is inscribed in the Akkadian language, using cuneiform script carved into the stele. It is currently on display in the Louvre, with exact replicas in the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago, the Clendening History of Medicine Library & Museum at the University of Kansas Medical Center, the library of the Theological University of the Reformed Churches (Dutch: Theologische Universiteit Kampen voor de Gereformeerde Kerken) in the Netherlands, the Pergamon Museum of Berlin, and the National Museum of Iran in Tehran.

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